Scientific Trading Dynamics: metaphor to study knowledge transfer and Knowledge Trading Impact in the sciences and social sciences

See on Scoop.itDual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university

scientific trading metaphor 2013-03-16_23-10-10Abstract

We use a trading metaphor to study knowledge transfer in the sciences as well as the social sciences. The metaphor comprises four dimensions: (a) Discipline Self-dependence, (b) Knowledge Exports/Imports, (c) Scientific Trading Dynamics, and (d) Scientific Trading Impact. This framework is applied to a dataset of 221 Web of Science subject categories.

We find that:

(i) the Scientific Trading Impact and Dynamics of materials science and transportation science have increased;

(ii) biomedical disciplines, physics, and mathematics are significant knowledge exporters, as is statistics and probability;

(iii) in the social sciences, economics, business, psychology, management, and sociology are important knowledge exporters; and

(iv) Discipline Self-dependence is associated with specialized domains which have ties to professional practice (e.g., law, ophthalmology, dentistry, oral surgery and medicine, psychology, psychoanalysis, veterinary sciences, and nursing).

The autors:

“We developed a set of concepts to describe scientific trading. Using these concepts, we fashioned a framework comprising four dimensions: (a) Discipline Self-dependence, (b) Exports/Imports, (c) Scientific Trading Dynamics, and (d) Scientific Trading Impact. This framework enabled us to develop a unique, data-rich bird’s-eye view of trends in knowledge trading between disciplines and fields. Our study reveals the permeability and self-sufficiency of different scientific and social scientific disci-plines. The findings should stimulate further research into the nature and dynamics of disciplinarity and interdisciplinarity and also help inform science policy making.

Source:

A bird’s-eye view of scientific trading: Dependency relations among fields of science Erjia Yan, Ying Ding, Blaise Cronin, Loet Leydesdorff

Journal of Informetrics 7 (2013) 249– 264

See on arxiv.org

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About Wilfred Mijnhardt
RMIMR is my virtual playground, a place to reflect on issues from my professional context, my job as Policy Director at Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University (RSM). RSM is the international university based business school at Erasmus University Rotterdam. More info here: www.rsm.nl Here is my list of relevant publications on the topic of my RMIMR weblog: http://www.mendeley.com/collections/694621/RMIMR-Repository/ The rss feed for my RMIMR collection is here: http://www.mendeley.com/collections/rss/694621/ Here is my other weblog on impact of research: http://www.scoop.it/t/dualimpact

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