The “third mission” of universities and the region: comparing the UK, Sweden and Austria

See on Scoop.itDual impact of research; towards the impactelligent university

University Third Mission 2012-12-28_23-38-49Abstract
The literature on university “third mission” transformations and their relationships to regional development is relatively broad and diverse. This paper reviews four approaches to university “third mission” processes and uses them as an exploratory lens for understanding the interactions between national policy imperatives, characteristics of the university population, and country attributes that have shaped university third function transformations in the UK, Sweden and Austria. In the first approach, the university third mission is seen as an entrepreneurial process of economic autonomy and knowledge transfer to industry. In the second, the university is viewed as an actor in a regional innovation system contributing to knowledge generation and regional innovation – enhancing interactions. The third approach sees the university as transforming its processes to ‘mode 2’ knowledge production, and in the fourth, as adapting to regional societal needs. This paper finds that the UK has the longest tradition of the university third mission role, but has the least well mandated regional role. In the UK national policies have resulted in all four models of the third mission. Sweden has examples of the entrepreneurial university and RIS universities. In Austria the model is primarily one of RIS universities, with some evidence of Mode 2 within the full-scale university population

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About Wilfred Mijnhardt
RMIMR is my virtual playground, a place to reflect on issues from my professional context, my job as Policy Director at Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University (RSM). RSM is the international university based business school at Erasmus University Rotterdam. More info here: www.rsm.nl Here is my list of relevant publications on the topic of my RMIMR weblog: http://www.mendeley.com/collections/694621/RMIMR-Repository/ The rss feed for my RMIMR collection is here: http://www.mendeley.com/collections/rss/694621/ Here is my other weblog on impact of research: http://www.scoop.it/t/dualimpact

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